The ARTEMIS Mission

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Jeff Bezos unveils his big plans for the moon. The agency also wants to establish a sustained human presence on and around the moon by One of the key features of the program is sustainable space exploration with reusable spacecraft and architecture, which could later take humans to Mars. Their direction is not empty rhetoric. They have backed up their vision with the budget requests needed to accomplish this objective. And we are well on our way to getting this done. The completed Orion crew capsule was recently revealed, as were the Artemis logo and colors. The A is meant to symbolize an arrowhead from the goddess Artemis' quiver of arrows, which also represents launch.

Other factors of the design represent the Earth, the moon and our trajectory from the moon to Mars.

Focus areas

The colors include Earth blue, rocket red and lunar silver. The Artemis program logo. And in the future, it could support robotic missions to Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The Orion spacecraft can carry four crew members and support deep-space missions, unlike previous craft designed for short flights. Orion will dock at the Gateway, a spaceship that will go into orbit around the moon and be used as a lunar outpost.

About , miles from Earth, the Gateway will allow easier access to the entire surface of the moon and potentially deep-space exploration. Why the moon landing still inspires space explorers today. There, we can start building up the infrastructure that makes Mars possible.

Engineering space systems for the Moon and Mars

Currently, the focus is on the moon, but NASA sees these concepts as workable for a Mars mission, as well. A lander on the surface of the moon. It should be easy, right?

After all, we've been there before. All we need to do is build the spacecraft and land on the Moon. It turns out, though, it isn't quite that simple, for multiple reasons. For Apollo, the goal was to set foot on the Moon. That was it. That's why we left in the s and haven't returned since. You're right. We absolutely did," said Dittmar. And that's where the complexity of Artemis lies.

The ARTEMIS Mission | Christopher Russell | Springer

While the stated goal might be to land humans on the Moon by , the point of the program is to stay there. Because the Apollo missions launched on a single rocket that contained the crew vehicle and the lunar lander, they could only visit a single spot on the Moon for any given mission. They couldn't repeat a landing in the same place. That's what the design of Artemis will allow, and is one aspect to sustainability. Another is the commercial sector , which is a major way Artemis differs from Apollo. The relationship between NASA and private spaceflight companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin is a partnership rather than the space race it's often characterized as.

Where NASA leads, commercial companies and the space industry will follow. It's happening now in low Earth orbit; the idea is to make it happen again on the lunar surface. It's the only way a project like Artemis will eventually become sustainable. I find that pretty exciting and forward thinking -- where could this lead, in the abstract?

How you make it sustainable is to make it profitable and make it scientifically interesting. While Artemis's deadline is controversial more on that later , NASA has long been planning to return to the Moon. There are a few reasons for this: First, there's science and exploration.

And second, we need to learn how to operate in space outside of Earth orbit.

From Apollo 11 To Artemis 3: Here's NASA's Mission Timeline For Putting Humans Back On The Moon

The Moon provides the perfect opportunity to do just that. The Moon was formed out of Earth, it's related to Earth in its origin, and it's experienced everything in space that Earth has, except because it hasn't been geologically active in a long time, it's preserved the evidence for the environment in which the Earth formed in the first place and all of the asteroid impacts and other things that it experienced.

But it's more than just that, Lakdawalla explained to Engadget. We now know the Moon holds volatiles, such as water, that are likely concentrated at its poles. These are interesting from a scientific standpoint, but they are also vital for exploration and potential habitation. And so that's another place that's interesting both scientifically and for exploration," concluded Lakdawalla.

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To become a multi-planetary species, which is arguably necessary for reasons ranging from climate change to population growth to natural resources, we need to learn to live on other worlds. And that starts with learning to live on the Moon. There are four pieces of technology that have to come together to make the second first Moon landing by The first is the Orion spacecraft, which will carry the astronauts to and from the Moon. Sponsored Stories. Matthew S. News U. More at Interesting Engineering. Inventions and Machines. If you continue to use this site, you consent to our use of cookies.

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